What is the FODMAP Diet?
FODMAP stands for Fermentable, oligo-di- and mono-saccharides and polyols. FODMAPS are short chain carbohydrates (sugars) that are highly fermentable and poorly absorbed during digestion and can lead to irritable bowel syndrome or other conditions.
What do FODMAPS do?
When FODMAP items reach the colon, bacteria can ferment the sugars in them, causing gas. This stretches the walls of the colon, causing gas, bloating, abdominal pain, nausea, constipation, and diarrhea, among other symptoms.
How does the diet work?
Start by trying to avoid the foods listed. It is important to note that this is not a life long diet, but one of trying to avoid problem foods and re-introducing the foods that work for you. If you notice no difference after a few weeks, stop.
What foods should I avoid?
See the list below, which shows foods you should initially avoid and foods that may be helpful in reducing gas. You should follow the diet strictly initially, and if in a few weeks, you do not see any improvement with a particular food item, reintroduce it and see how you feel.